Since democracy came into place and many countries in the world took it, loopholes emergency which has changed the process of governance to conflicts. However, this doesn’t mean that democracy is a source of conflicts since it has its own pros. Conflicts can be brought by numerous needs connected one another and issues addressed for some long period of time. The situation has escalated in some countries like Syria and this has led to a major war between the people and the government.
Conflicts in democracies have been brought about chiefly by a variety of factors. These include economic, political, and military factors. Politics leads to conflicts when government distribute resources to the natives in unequal proportion. It can also occur when people accuse the government of using natural resources in a way that favors some people more than others.
Conflicts driven by two groups, say ethnic, can be escalated to a national level. Ethnic affiliations, political views, among others are the most dominant factors that lead to these escalations. Biggest tribes want the biggest shares of national resources and government positions while other tribes will often feel oppressed. Any indication that one tribe may be getting more than the other will often lead to conflicts.
Economically, the people may feel that the government distributes natural resources unequally. This leads to the formation of groups that rebel against the government – a situation which grows in to conflicts in many cases. At present, some of the wealthiest oil reserves in Syria have been affected by such conflicts. Companies also stop extracting these resources, which leads to a collapse of the economy. Any attempts by the government to hold on to these resources draws even more conflict and division.
With divisions in the military the country is left with an army that is dysfunctional. It has turned into an instrument for committing crimes against civilians and even preventing people from having an opinion. In the end, the national army is implicated in several theft, human rights violations, and extortion cases, which in most regions aren’t brought before the court.
Greed among the political class in democracies is also a major contributor to conflicts in democracies. Taxpayers are often hurt when the government embezzles funds meant for development projects and this leads to conflicts. As always, in democracies, there are pro-government and anti-government protesters who clash and when the situation is not corrected, it often leads to major conflicts.